Appalachian. General Characteristics.
The Appalachian system extends from the northeast to the southwest over 2000 kilometers within Canada and the United States. Crossing its main part of the southern half of the temperate zone, in the south enters the subtropics. It is characterized by medium-altitude relief, significant erosion dissection, an abundance of minerals, water resources, as well as forests rich in species composition. The foothills of the Appalachians are densely populated, their natural landscapes are significantly modified by man.
Rivers crossing the mountain system are important paths connecting the interior of the United States with the Atlantic coast. In the north, the Appalachians are adjacent to the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and the ridges of these mountains enter the Gaspé and Nova Scotia peninsulas. They are separated from the Laurentian Upland by the wide valley of the St. Lawrence River. The Rdirondak Mountains, located between the St. Lawrence Valley and the Lakes of Ontario, also belong to this part of the Appalachians. By structure, they belong to the Canadian Shield, but throughout the whole complex of landscapes – to the… Read more “Appalachian Mountains”